The Hong Kong Journal of Sports Medicine and Sports

Volume XIV, May 2002
Abstract

INFLUENCE OF COMBINED STIMULATION OF REPEATED PHYSICAL LOAD AND ARTIFICIALLY PROVOKED HYPOXIA ON METABOLIC ADAPTATION AND WORK CAPACITY OF ATHLETES

JIAN JIE
Russian State Academy of Physical Education
Moscow, Russia

One of the most complicated tasks of modern theory and methods of sports training is to find new ways to increase its effectiveness. From the biological point of view, training process may be considered as directed adaptation to physical loads. However their increase can lead to exhaustion of "adaptation reserve" of organism and decrease of its main reaction to the training stimulations. In such conditions the stimulation of the load, such as a sum of heterogeneous exercises, will combine with elements of the irritant to ensure adaptative responses by the organism.

In sports practice, specialists are attracted by the usage of special means and methods to broaden the adaptability of the athlete such as different methods of artificially provoking hypoxia used in the training process, achieving considerable increase in aerobic and anaerobic capacity, and ensuring substantial improvement of sports results. A combined application of different methods of artificially provoked hypoxia with different types of repeated and interval loads, focused on developing anti-hypoxic steadiness. The present study investigated the cumulative effects of combined application of interval training and hypoxia (caused by inhalation of air mixtures with decreased content of oxygen in normobaric conditions).


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