Department of Physical Education
Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong
Sports Psychology Unit
Hong Kong Sports Development Board, Hong Kong
Beijing University of Physical Education
The purpose of this study was to explore whether goal orientations differ between elite athletes and non-athletes. The sample consisted of 19 elite athletes from a number of sports and a group of non-athletes matched by age and gender. The Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ) was used to assess goal orientations and univariate statistics was employed for analysis. Athletes and non-athletes were found to differ significantly in ego orientation but not in task orientation. Contrary to some research, goal orientation was not affected by gender.
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