The Hong Kong Journal of Sports Medicine and Sports

Volume XIV, May 2002


Bethel College, U.S.A.

Several taxonomies (Blumenbach, Boyd, Coon, Garn, Birdsell, McCulloch) have been the ground for many race deniers to believe in racial traits. Anthropologists agree on the existence of three relatively distinct groups: (a) Caucasoid, (b) Mongoloid, and (c) Negroid. These groups can be distinguished on the basis of differences in skeletal morphology, facial features, skin pigmentation color and form of hair, shape of head, stature, form of nose, blood type and DNA (Entine, 2000). (a) The Caucasoids are characterized as pale reddish white to olive brown in color, have medium to tall stature, and a long or broad head form. Their hair is light blond to dark brown in color, has a fine texture and is straight or wavy. The color of their eyes is light blue to dark brown and their nose bridge is usually high. (b) The Mongoloids are characterized as saffron to yellow or reddish brown in color and have medium stature with a broad head form. Their hair is dark, straight, and coarse; their body hair is sparse. Their eyes are black to dark brown, have an epicanthic fold, imparting an almond shape to the eye and their nose bridge is usually low or medium. (c) The Negroids are characterized by brown to brown-black skin, usually have a long head form, varying stature and thick, averted lips. The hair is dark and coarse, usually kinky. The eyes are dark, the nose bridge low and the nostrils broad. Afro-Americans belong to this category.

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